The 12 principles of learning are important whether you exert teaching in early childhood education and higher education, when we work in digital media environments, and try to integrate consistently in the educational context
1. Principle of consistency
Learning is most effective when strange words, photographs, drawings and multimedia material are removed in presentations (are support materials rather than exposure): to create online courses and presentations should not overload the essential information. The presentation should stick to what schematically essential and clear: you can add a video, but should not be abused indefinitely or graphic materials or, much less, of prose, writing and paragraphs.
2. Principle signaling
Keep the students on task putting relieve truly essential information (words in bold, underlined, outline in outline form, enclose important images …)
3. Principle of redundancy
It refers not to exhibit together text and voice narration: we must prevent cognitive overload of pupils and students who do not have special needs. In the case of SEN it may be useful simultaneously provide text and voice narration.
4. Principle special contiguity
Learning is faster when words and corresponding images are displayed close together on the screen, making it easier to draw attention to a focal point and center.
5. Principle of temporal contiguity
The texts and corresponding pictures must be submitted at the same time rather than in succession
6. Principle of segmentation
The pace of learning has its own rhythm in each and every one of our students: multimedia lessons must be presented adequately to the characteristics of each individual.
7. Principle of pre-training
The introductory pre-training is important both in the classroom and online training, providing a quick review of previously learned content and provide them with those, which are coming the following basic teaching units.
8. Principle of Mode
To limit the cognitive overload, the students learn best when presented with graphics and narration, animation and text face. Animation can visually stimulate and inhibit student retention.
9. Principle Multimedia
The students will learn and easier if you present the words at the same time images (static)
10. Principle customization
The information should be presented in a conversational tone, language and expression according to age and language development of each student.
11. Principle voice
It relates to the tone of the masterful storytelling and emphasizes the importance of voice and color of human intonation, compared with avatars or automated robots. Especially it is important for eLearning.
12. Principle image
If you record your voice in a video tutorial, it is not necessary that you should necessarily include your face.