The industrial revolution was an important time in the history of Britain, and it changed so much about how people lived – moving from the agricultural work into the cities and towns, people’s lives were altered, and society became a lot closer to what we know today. However, without so many of the pioneering scientists and inventors, this would not have been possible – here are three notable scientists who helped to build the industrial revolution…
James Watt – This Scottish inventor is the man who invented the first ever steam engine. One of the most important inventions of the industrial revolution and synonymous with Victorian Britain in the late 1700s he patented his design, and the steam engine was born. This was not his only contribution to the industrial revolution – he also worked as a surveyor, marking out the routes in Scotland that the canals would be built on to transport the goods to and from factories.
William George Armstrong – A successful businessman as well as a visionary scientist, William George Armstrong, born in 1810 changed the Industrial revolution by becoming the father of hydraulics. From factories to Tower Bridge, his machines were in high demand, and today we have him to thank for modern day machinery like this hydraulic power pack https://www.hydraproducts.co.uk/ used in manufacturing all over the world.
Michael Faraday – A chemist who studied electricity can be credited for many amazing inventions. He designed the electric motor and the dynamo as well as doing a lot of research into the electromagnetic field, on which James Clerk Maxwell then based his research on the electromagnetism.